Mother and Baby

Wound Care

Health Information Burns, cuts, grazes, or accidents and falls in the home or on sports fields can damage the skin and cause wounds. The time a wound takes to heal depends on the size and depth of the wound, how well it has been cleaned and cared for, and which products have been used to protect the wound, as well as the patient’s general health. Wounds that take longer than expected to heal are called chronic wounds.

Health Wellness and Chronic Disease

Health Information Everyone wants to be, and feel, well. ‘Wellness’ is more than just being free of disease – it also includes emotional, physical, mental, and social wellbeing. If we look after our physical health, we are better able to cope when faced with difficult situations that we cannot fully control. Looking after your health is an important part of keeping well.

Tinea

Health Information Tinea is a fungal skin infection. It sometimes forms a round red rash with a pink central area, so many people also refer to it as ‘ringworm’, although it is not a worm at all! Depending on where the infection occurs on the body, it can also be given other names. Tinea can occur on the scalp (Tinea capitis), nails (Tinea unguium), body (Tinea corporis), or groin area (Tinea cruris).

Thrush

Health Information Thrush is an infection caused by yeasts (a type of fungus) called ‘candida’. Thrush can occur on the moist areas of the skin, vagina or in the mouth. Another common but different, fungal infection of the skin is tinea (ringworm). Symptoms of thrush on the skin are a red itchy rash, with skin that is cracked with small sores or blisters.

Stop Smoking

Health Information When you smoke cigarettes there are two groups of chemicals that negatively affect your health. The smoke that is inhaled from cigarettes contains thousands of toxic substances that can cause cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic bronchitis, asthma and emphysema. The nicotine in cigarettes is addictive, making it very hard to quit smoking, but it is never too early, or too late, to quit smoking and improve your health.

Sleeping Difficulties

Health Information Sleep is the way our bodies rest and restore themselves. Good quality sleep helps maintain the immune system and keep our organs healthy. Many people feel they don’t get enough sleep. Some people may spend enough time in bed, but their sleep is not refreshing. Insomnia is a sleep problem where people have trouble either falling sleep or staying asleep. Fatigue due to lack of sleep can cause road accidents and work injuries.

Sun Care

Health Information The sun is vital for life, and provides an opportunity for fun and outdoor leisure activities. Australians are lucky to enjoy sunshine most of the year, and long hours of sunshine in summer. Too much exposure to the sun however, can cause severe skin damage. The sun’s rays contain ultraviolet (UV) A rays that are linked to skin ageing and the formation of wrinkles. UV B rays in sunlight are linked to skin cancer. Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world.

Heartburn and Indigestion

Health Information Heartburn is the common name for the symptoms of indigestion and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD). Reflux is a symptom that occurs when digestive juices (which contain stomach acids) spill back into the oesophagus or mouth and cause a “burning” feeling. This can happen when the muscles at the lower end of the oesophagus (food pipe), relax too much and allow acid to rise.

Hay Fever

Health Information The symptoms of hay fever include sneezing and itchiness of the eyes, nose, and throat. Some people also experience tiredness, puffy watery eyes, nasal congestion, or a thin watery nasal discharge. The severity of hay fever symptoms can vary from mild to severe and may impact your quality of life. Congestion of the nasal sinuses can cause pain in the forehead or cheeks that is worse when bending over.

Cold Sores

Health Information The initial sign of an emerging cold sore is a tingling, itching or burning feeling occurring on the lip, nose or cheek area. A small red bump appears after about one or two days, which turns into several tiny fluid-filled blisters. If the blisters burst, the fluid that oozes out is highly contagious. Symptoms of cold sores can last up to a week.

Bites and stings

Health Information Australia has a variety of tropical marine and land creatures that can cause serious bites and stings. Although it is always best to seek medical advice where possible, it is also helpful to know some first-aid techniques that help. Bites can be from snakes, mosquitoes, midges (sandflies), spiders, ticks, or a variety of other insects. Stings can be caused by bees, wasps and marine creatures like shell or jellyfish.

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